John Hargrove Quotes (Author of Beneath the Surface)
List of captive killer whales
In August , TV cameras were on hand as seven orcas killer whales were captured off the coast of Seattle and taken to marine circuses like SeaWorld and the Miami Seaquarium. People who saw the video on the news were appalled, and the outrage that followed led to the passing of the Marine Mammal Protection Act in , banning the capture of marine mammals in U. And since SeaWorld and other circuses have agreements with marine entertainment facilities overseas, trading of wild-caught orcas and dolphins never stopped, including from the infamous Taiji massacres in Japan which continue to this day. Lolita during one of her performances at the Miami Seaquarium. One of the orcas captured in that roundup was Lolita, who has been held ever since in a small pool at the Miami Seaquarium. Today, 42 years later, she is still performing tricks for tourists, and her only orca companion is is a plastic blow-up orca doll.
SeaWorld was asked whether or not it still collects whales from the wild. The Georgia Aquarium, as the lead facility, applied for a permit to import 18 belugas two more were added to the 16 — see below , with 11 of them slated to go to the three SeaWorld parks 1. Two additional belugas, possibly surplus to an order from another customer, were captured by Utrish in and included in this sale. Rather than wait until a permit to import whales was secured, the consortium paid to conduct some preliminary research to justify the removals and while the research was ongoing , had Utrish capture 16 whales. That is, before determining the sustainability of the removals, the consortium, SeaWorld included, had the animals captured and held by Utrish. Not only did the consortium anticipate the data, but it assumed regardless of the results of its research that the US government would issue the import permit.
Killer whales, more properly known as orcas, have been kept in captivity since , helpless victims of a blatantly commercial experiment which has seen dozens of wild orcas plucked from their families and forced to live in artificial social groupings which bear scant resemblance to their life in the wild. At least orcas have been taken into captivity from the wild since including Pascuala and Morgan. The growing uneasiness with the concept of keeping orcas in captivity has only been increased by the renowned documentary Blackfish , documenting the reality of the captives' existence. Despite the best attempts of the display industry to blow a smokescreen over such negative publicity, the wider world is now increasingly aware that all is not well in fantasy-land. In recent years, first a trickle, then a steady torrent, of incidents have been reported. A growing catalogue of 'accidents', illnesses, failed pregnancies and premature deaths that have helped to show up this industry for the cruel circus that it really is. The longest surviving orca in captivity is Corky, captured in from the Northern Resident population that inhabits the waters around Vancouver Island, Canada.
Who are the orcas held in captivity?
Captive killer whales are live killer whales Orcinus orca which are held in captivity by humans, often for breeding or performance purposes. The practice of capturing and displaying these whales in exhibitions began in the s, soon becoming popular attractions at public aquariums and aquatic theme parks due to their intelligence, trainability, striking appearance, playfulness, and sheer size. As of September, , there were 56 orcas in captivity worldwide , 33 of which are captive-born.
This article gives a list of captive killer whales , or orcas, large predatory cetaceans that were first captured live and displayed in exhibitions in the s, or were subsequently born in zoological facilities. They soon became popular attractions at public aquariums and aquatic theme parks due to their intelligence, trainability, striking appearance, playfulness in captivity and sheer size. The first North Eastern Pacific orca, Wanda, was captured in November by a collecting crew from Marineland of the Pacific , and over the next 15 years, around 60 or 70 orcas were taken from Pacific waters for this purpose. However, facilities in the United States such as SeaWorld have not collected wild orcas in over 35 years. An additional 13 orcas reported in China and Russia were captured in Russian waters. Kalina, born in September , was the first captive-born orca calf to survive more than a few days. He was born on October 13, , at Loro Parque.