Lady One: Of love and other poems by Breyten BreytenbachHe studied fine arts at the University of Cape Town and became a committed opponent of the policy of apartheid. He left South Africa for Paris in the early 1960s. When he married a French woman of Vietnamese ancestry, he was not allowed to return: The Prohibition of Mixed Marriages Act (1949) and The Immorality Act (1950) made it a criminal offence for a white person to have any sexual relations with a person of a different race in the then apartheid South Africa.
In France he was a founder member of Okhela, a resistance group fighting apartheid in exile. On an illegal trip to South Africa in 1975 he was betrayed, arrested and sentenced to seven years of imprisonment for high treason: his work The True Confessions of an Albino Terrorist describes aspects of his imprisonment. Released in 1982 as a result of massive international intervention he returned to Paris and obtained French citizenship.
He currently divides his time between Europe, Africa, and the United States. He joined the University of Cape Town as a visiting professor in the Graduate School of Humanities (from January 2000) and is also involved with the Goree Institute in Dakar (Senegal) and with New York University, where he teaches in the Graduate Creative Writing Program.
Attitudes towards interracial marriages in South Africa
On July ,the Prohibition of Mixed Marriages Act, Act No 55 of that prohibited marriage or a sexual relationship between White people and people of other race groups in South Africa is passed. The law was introduced by the apartheid government and part of its overall policy of separateness. South Africans were required to register as members of one of four racial groups as set out in the Population Registration Act of The four groups were White, Coloured, Indian and Black. Using these categories, the apartheid government proceeded to criminalise marriages between people of different racial groups. Subsequent to the passing of this legislation, a number of people were arrested and charged for breaking its provisions.
June, not only February, is an important month to celebrate love. In particular, for love that transcends inter- and outer-group barriers. On 12th June marked fifty years since the U. Supreme Court ruled in the Loving v. Virginia case that marriage across racial lines was legal throughout the United States of America USA , wiping laws that prohibited such marriages in certain states at the time . In South Africa, marriage and sexual relationships between historically defined race groups were similarly prohibited by the Prohibition of Mixed Marriages Act Act No 55 of and the Immorality Act of
The Prohibition of Mixed Marriages Act no. It also made it a criminal offense for a marriage officer to perform an interracial marriage ceremony. The Prohibition of Mixed Marriages Act did not, however, prevent other so-called mixed marriages between non-white people. Mixed marriages were rare in South Africa before , averaging fewer than per year between and , but the National Party explicitly legislated to keep non-whites from "infiltrating" the dominant white group by intermarriage. It was not until that the first U. Supreme Court case rejecting miscegenation laws Loving v. Virginia was decided.
A gallery of images of mixed marriages in South Africa. The law was introduced by the apartheid government and modeled around its policy of separateness.
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It was among the first pieces of apartheid legislation to be passed following the National Party 's rise to power in - The Prohibition of Mixed Marriages Act no.
This is the text as originally enacted and does not incorporate the amendment. A version incorporating that amendment is also available on Wikisource. To prohibit marriages between Europeans and non-Europeans, and to provide for matters incidental thereto. Any marriage officer who knowingly performs a marriage ceremony between a European and a non-European shall be guilty of an offence and liable to a fine not exceeding fifty pounds. Any person who is in appearance obviously a European or a non-European, as the case may be, shall for the purposes of this Act be deemed to be such, unless and until the contrary is proved.