Norman Stone Castles (1): The British Isles 10661216 by Christopher GravettDescended from the Viking raiders who settled in Northern France under the leadership of Rollo in around 911, the Normans were amongst the most feared warriors of their time. Their territorial ambitions culminated in Duke William 1s conquest of England in 1066, but although victory at Hastings left the English crown in Williams hands, Norman sovereignty remained far from established on the island. In order to consolidate his position, the new king built a series of fortifications across the country - this book covers all these developments from the early days of William I through to the fortifications of Henry II, Richard I and John.
The Norman Conquest of England
Castles of the Conqueror
When William the Conqueror invaded England he introduced a startling new military tactic. Here, Marc Morris explains why the castle was the key to the Norman conquest. In , as everybody knows, the Normans invaded England. That most engaging of all medieval sources, the Bayeux Tapestry, shows them landing their horses at Pevensey in Sussex and racing to occupy nearby Hastings, from where they would shortly set out to fight the most famous battle in English history. Before that, they paused to have an elaborate sit-down meal barbecued chicken is on the menu and attend to their own protection. The exceptions comprised a handful constructed a few years earlier by the French friends of King Edward the Confessor.
Norman Stone Castles
This type of stone keep castl soon replaced the Motte and Bailey castles as it offered a better form of defense. A stone keep was the central feature, with thick walls and few windows. Entrance to the keep was by stone steps leading to the first floor. The kitchens were situated on the ground floor while living quarters were on the upper floors. The first keeps were rectangular in shape but later ones were often circular. The Stone Keep would be surrounded by a thick stone wall containing turrets for lookouts.