My life and struggle; autobiography of Badshah Khan by Khan Abdul Ghaffar KhanI read this book both in Urdu and Pashto and if you can read Pashto script then I will suggest you to read it in Pashto language . the reason is Urdu translation is oversimplified and hence lack continuity in text .
this too was my first Pashto read and I loved it. it was like listening to my elders. Bacha khan baba had a way of explaining complex and taboo topics in the most convincing way . its not just his biography rather he discussed almost every aspect of our culture . he criticized outdated and unnecessary traditions weather its birth of children , marriages , death, religious occasions and so on . the best thing is this wasnt just verbal criticism instead he practically stood for his ideals .
every one refer bacha khan as a preacher of nonviolence but his services for spreading education among most backward people (Pashtuns) by opening schools through out the province is what I am most inspired of .
I would recommend this book to all those fed up with state propaganda calling him ghaddar (traitor) . read it with an open mind . you may disagree with his political ideas but you cant deny his social services .
Biography of Abdul Ghaffar Khan, Why he was called Frontier Gandhi? Freedom fighter & Pashtun leader
His father was a khan, or village headman, widely respected for his honesty and more grudgingly, perhaps, for his somewhat independent approach to the Islam of the Mullahs of his day — as well as his coldness toward the code of badal, or revenge, that was a prominent cultural feature among the Pashtuns. Inevitably, too, his village work, which mostly took the form of establishing schools, put him on a collision course with both the mullahs and the British authorities for similar reasons: educated people are harder to oppress. Their dedication to him and to nonviolence flummoxed the British, who responded in the only way they knew how at that time: with brutal repression. But Khan was not easily repressed. After perpetrating a terrible massacre in in Peshawar, the British saw the ranks of the Servants swell from several hundred to 80, — an improbable fact if you are not familiar with nonviolent dynamics. Young Malala Yousafzai may have done the world a greater service than she realizes by honoring his name at the august body of the UN General Assembly.
Abdul Gaffar Khan is one of the tallest freedom fighter, not only in sheer physical height but also in his contributions and sacrifices. He dedicated his life for the betterment of his fellow country men and hugely inspired the Pathans of the north-west frontier to follow the Gandhian values of non-violence and non-possession. Despite being illiterate both of his parents were broad minded and wanted their children to get proper education. Abdul was sent to a Missionary school in Peshwar after his primary education. Abdul was selected in the British Indian Army but soon left the army after observing the ill-treatments and insults the Indians faced there.
inside the black box article
He was a political and spiritual leader known for his nonviolent opposition; he was a lifelong pacifist and devout Muslim. Its success triggered a harsh crackdown by the British Raj against him and his supporters, and they suffered some of the most severe repression of the Indian independence movement., He was a Pakhtun or Pathan from the North West Frontier Province, now called Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, where people are said to still subscribe to the code of revenge.
A deadly extremist attack on northwest Pakistan's Bacha Khan University contrasts starkly with the nonviolent methods employed by the Pashtun activist for whom the university is named. Focusing on frontier regions of what is today northwest Pakistan, he eschewed violence and advocated peaceful means of protest against British rule. The Muslim activist's work earned him the moniker "Frontier Gandhi" -- a nod to his Hindu counterpart and close friend Mahatma Gandhi. Almost everybody in the United States and Europe has seen the movies about Gandhi and the role he played in the nonviolence movement and then as an inspiration for Martin Luther King and others. His host then told him the story of the independence activist and his importance in the Pashtun community. The son of a feudal lord, Bacha Khan advocated for social justice, including land reforms, from an early age. In , he founded his seminal Khudai Khidmatgar, or Servants of God movement, to push for Pashtun rights and against British rule.