The Principles of Scientific Management by Frederick Winslow TaylorIt seems, at first glance, like an obvious step to take to improve industrial productivity: one should simply watch workers at work in order to learn how they actually do their jobs. But American engineer FREDERICK WINSLOW TAYLOR (1856-1915) broke new ground with this 1919 essay, in which he applied the rigors of scientific observation to such labor as shoveling and bricklayer in order to streamline their work... and bring a sense of logic and practicality to the management of that work. This highly influential book, must-reading for anyone seeking to understand modern management practices, puts lie to such misconceptions that making industrial processes more efficient increases unemployment and that shorter workdays decrease productivity. And it laid the foundations for the discipline of management to be studied, taught, and applied with methodical precision.
Scientific Management Theory
4 Important Principles of Scientific Management
The writer has found that there are three questions uppermost in the minds of men when they become interested in scientific management. Wherein do the principles of scientific management differ essentially from those of ordinary management? Why are better results attained under scientific management than under the other types? Is not the most important problem that of getting the right man at the head of the company? And if you have the right man cannot the choice of the type of management be safely left to him? One of the principal objects of the following pages will be to give a satisfactory answer to these questions.
Prior to the early s, there was no management theory as we think of it today. Work happened as it always had—those with the skills did the work in the way they thought best usually the way it had always been done. The concept that work could be studied and the work process improved did not formally exist before the ideas of Frederick Winslow Taylor. The scientific management movement produced revolutionary ideas for the time—ideas such as employee training and implementing standardized best practices to improve productivity. Frederick Taylor — is called the Father of Scientific Management.
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Principle of Scientific Management Class 12 F.W Taylor in Hindi
People have been managing work for hundreds of years, and we can trace formal management ideas to the s. But the most significant developments in management theory emerged in the 20th century. We owe much of our understanding of managerial practices to the many theorists of this period, who tried to understand how best to conduct business. One of the earliest of these theorists was Frederick Winslow Taylor. He started the Scientific Management movement, and he and his associates were the first people to study the work process scientifically. They studied how work was performed, and they looked at how this affected worker productivity. Taylor's philosophy focused on the belief that making people work as hard as they could was not as efficient as optimizing the way the work was done.