Dalai Lama: Man, Monk, Mystic by Mayank Chhaya
Written with the full cooperation of the Dalai Lama, this fascinating, up-to-date biography at once captures the public persona and enduring mystery behind one of the worldaˆ™s most important spiritual leaders.
In 1997, the Indian journalist Mayank Chhaya was authorized by the Dalai Lama to write about his life and times. The only authorized biographer who is not a Buddhist, Chhaya conducted more than a dozen personal interviews with the Dalai Lama in McLeod Ganj in Indiaaˆ™s Himalayan north, home to Tibetaˆ™s government-in-exile. In Dalai Lama: Man, Monk, Mystic he presents an in-depth, insightful portrait of a figure of perennial interest to people all over the world.
Chhaya writes about Tibet and the Buddhist tradition from which the Dalai Lama emerged, helping readers understand the context that shaped his beliefs, politics, and ideals. Adding depth and nuance to his portrait, Chhaya depicts the Dalai Lama in the light of his life in exile and the various roles he has had to assume for his followers. He sheds light on the highly complex conflict between China and Tibet, and offers insights into the growing discontent among young Tibetans who are frustrated with the nonviolent approach to Chinese occupation that the Dalai Lama advocates.
A balanced, informative view of the Dalai Lama and his work, this biography is both a compelling profile of a remarkable spiritual leader and his mission, and an engaging look at how the current unrest in his country will affect its future.
Focus Historique : Le serment du jeu de paume, par Samy Debah
On 20 June , the members of the French Third Estate took the Tennis Court Oath French : Serment du Jeu de Paume , vowing "not to separate, and to reassemble wherever circumstances require, until the constitution of the kingdom is established". It was a pivotal event in the French Revolution. The Estates-General had been called to address the country's fiscal and agricultural crisis , but they had become bogged down in issues of representation immediately after convening in May , particularly whether they would vote by order or by head which would increase the power of the Third Estate, as they outnumbered the other two estates hugely.
File:Le Serment du Jeu de paume.jpg
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Le serment du Jeu de Paume le 20 juin 1789
Le serment du Jeu de paume (20 juin 1789)
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All the deputies are shown looking at Bailly , as a device to show their support of him. The only man to refuse to take the oath, Martin-Dauch , is shown in the lower right hand corner and provides a counterpoint to the general enthusiasm. David also drew all the faces in detail so that every figure was recognisable. Above are large windows with smiling figures of the public. In the 18th century, an oath had a sacred value and guaranteed a person would be faithful to their word, as in David's own The Oath of the Horatii. During the French Revolution, collective oaths like the tennis court oath were considered as a factor in national unity and national unanimity. The tennis court oath — pre- Romantic , near-unanimous, almost totally middle-class and with no popular violence — above all was considered the forerunner of the revolution and also showed that national sovereignty was made up of each individual's personal will.