The Life of Elizabeth I by Alison WeirNEW YORK TIMES BESTSELLER
Perhaps the most influential sovereign England has ever known, Queen Elizabeth I remained an extremely private person throughout her reign, keeping her own counsel and sharing secrets with no one--not even her closest, most trusted advisers. Now, in this brilliantly researched, fascinating new book, acclaimed biographer Alison Weir shares provocative new interpretations and fresh insights on this enigmatic figure.
Against a lavish backdrop of pageantry and passion, intrigue and war, Weir dispels the myths surrounding Elizabeth I and examines the contradictions of her character. Elizabeth I loved the Earl of Leicester, but did she conspire to murder his wife? She called herself the Virgin Queen, but how chaste was she through dozens of liaisons? She never married—was her choice to remain single tied to the chilling fate of her mother, Anne Boleyn? An enthralling epic that is also an amazingly intimate portrait, The Life of Elizabeth I is a mesmerizing, stunning reading experience.
Queen Elizabeth I and King James I
Queen Elizabeth I claimed the throne in at the age of 25 and held it until her death 44 years later. Elizabeth I was born a princess but declared illegitimate through political machinations. During her reign, Elizabeth I established Protestantism in England; defeated the Spanish Armada in ; maintained peace inside her previously divided country; and created an environment where the arts flourished. She was only 2 years old when her mother was beheaded on the orders of her father, based on questionable charges of adultery and conspiracy. Photo: Steven van der Meulen [Public domain].
This list of kings and queens of the Kingdom of England begins with Alfred the Great , who initially ruled Wessex , one of the seven Anglo-Saxon kingdoms which later made up modern England. Alfred styled himself King of the Anglo-Saxons from about , and while he was not the first king to claim to rule all of the English , his rule represents the start of the first unbroken line of kings to rule the whole of England, the House of Wessex. Arguments are made for a few different kings thought to control enough Anglo-Saxon kingdoms to be deemed the first king of England. For example, Offa of Mercia and Egbert of Wessex are sometimes described as kings of England by popular writers, but it is no longer the majority view of historians that their wide dominions are part of a process leading to a unified England. Historian Simon Keynes states, for example, that "Offa was driven by a lust for power, not a vision of English unity; and what he left was a reputation, not a legacy. In Egbert of Wessex conquered Mercia, but he soon lost control of it. It was not until the late 9th century that one kingdom, Wessex, had become the dominant Anglo-Saxon kingdom.
Mary, who was brought up as a Catholic, enacted pro-Catholic legislation and made efforts to restore the pope to supremacy in England. Elizabeth was opposed by the pope, who refused to recognize her legitimacy, and by Spain, a Catholic nation that was at the height of its power. In , English-Spanish rivalry led to an abortive Spanish invasion of England in which the Spanish Armada, the greatest naval force in the world at the time, was destroyed by storms and a determined English navy. But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to contact us! On this day in , the co-pilot of a German airliner deliberately flies the plane into the French Alps, killing himself and the other people onboard. When it crashed, Germanwings flight had been traveling from Barcelona, Spain, to Dusseldorf, Germany. The plane took
He also held the title of King of France, as had all his predecessors in the English throne since October 21, , although by his time the title didn't come with an active claim of this throne. James succeeded Elizabeth I as the closest living relative of the unmarried childless English monarch, through his descent from one of Henry VIII's sisters.
She was queen from 17 November until she died in March She was also called "good queen Bess" or "the virgin queen" or "Gloriana". When Boleyn was disgraced at court and executed, Elizabeth's life became a troubled one, including being locked up in the Tower of London , an old prison. Despite that, Elizabeth reigned with intelligence and hard work. Her reign was distinguished with great achievements in the arts, trade, and exploration. She ably defended her country through the days of the Spanish Armada. She never married, but had several favourites, including the Earl of Leicester.
She was born Princess Elizabeth. And when she succeeded her father to the throne, she had to decide what she wanted to use as her regnal name. Who was Queen Elizabeth I? She once held the record as the longest-ruling queen of England, reigning for 44 years between and But during her time, she was simply known as Elizabeth of England. Queen Elizabeth I had no children.