Children in the Holocaust and World War II: Their Secret Diaries by Laurel HollidayChildren in the Holocaust and World War II is an extraordinary, unprecedented anthology of diaries written by children all across Nazi-occupied Europe and in England.
Twenty-three young people, ages ten through eighteen, recount in vivid detail the horrors they lived through, day after day. As powerful as The Diary of Anne Frank and Zlatas Diary, here are childrens experiences—all written with an unguarded eloquence that belies their years. The diarists include a Hungarian girl, selected by Mengele to be put in a line of prisoners who were tortured and murdered; a Danish Christian boy executed by the Nazis for his partisan work; and a twelve-year-old Dutch boy who lived through the Blitzkrieg in Rotterdam. In the Janowska death camp, eleven-year-old Pole Janina Heshele so inspired her fellow prisoners with the power of her poetry that they found a way to save her from the Nazi ovens. Mary Berg was imprisoned at sixteen in the Warsaw ghetto even though her mother was American and Christian. She left an eyewitness record of ghetto atrocities, a diary she was able to smuggle out of captivity. Moshe Flinker, a sixteen-year-old Netherlander, was betrayed by an informer who led the Gestapo to his familys door; Moshe and his parents died in Auschwitz in 1944. They come from Czechoslovakia, Austria, Israel, Poland, Holland, Belgium, Hungary, Lithuania, Russia, England, and Denmark. They write in spare, searing prose of life in ghettos and concentration camps, of bombings and Blitzkriegs, of fear and courage, tragedy and transcendence. Their voices and their vision ennoble us all.
The Twins of Auschwitz - Newsnight
Children during the Holocaust
Children were especially vulnerable to Nazi persecution. Some were targeted on supposed racial grounds, such as Jewish youngsters, others for biological reasons, such as patients with physical or mental disabilities, or because of their alleged resistance or political activities. As many as 1. The Nazis did not single out children specifically because they were children, but because of their alleged membership in dangerous racial, biological, or political groups. Along with elderly people, children had the lowest rate of survival in concentration camps and killing centers.
This page has some information for kids about the Holocaust. It includes some photos and definitions of words. From the late s to the mid s, the Nazis in Germany killed six million Jewish people, plus millions of other people, like Gypsies, Catholics, and the disabled. The Holocaust happened because one group of powerful people was intolerant of other people who were different from them. Even though the Holocaust is an extreme example of hate, it is important to recognize that when you see someone being a bully, they are engaging in the same behavior that started the Holocaust. Hitler wanted to create a new and better Germany by ridding the country of all the Jewish people who lived there. He hated Jews and other groups of people who were not like him.
British Broadcasting Corporation Home. Over 1. This article examines the brutality they suffered and two schoolchildren talk about their experiences of a visit to Auschwitz in More than 1. The Nazis, obsessed with the notion of creating a 'biologically pure', 'Aryan' society, deliberately targeted Jewish children for destruction, in order to prevent the growth of a new generation of Jews in Europe.
CHILDREN DURING THE HOLOCAUST
T he innocent world of Jewish children living in Germany changed when the Nazis came to power in The Jews were a special target of Nazi ideology and policies, which ultimately resulted in the Holocaust. From the very beginning, Jews and their children suffered at the hands of the Nazis. In the s a series of Nazi laws were introduced aimed at removing the civil and economic rights of Jews and other groups. These laws had a severe impact on the lives of children. One of the first laws that affected Jewish students was the "Law against Overcrowding in German schools and universities" of 25 April that restricted the number of Jewish children in schools, not to exceed 1. Jewish children of war veterans and those with a non-Jewish parent were initially exempted.
Children were especially vulnerable to Nazi murder or death in the era of the Holocaust. It is estimated that 1. The Nazis advocated killing children of "unwanted" or "dangerous" groups in accordance with their ideological views, either as part of the "racial struggle" or as a measure of preventive security. The Nazis particularly targeted Jewish children, but also targeted ethnically Polish children, Romani Gypsy children, and children with mental or physical defects disabled children. The Germans and their collaborators killed children both for these ideological reasons and in retaliation for real or alleged partisan attacks.
When the war in Europe ended in May , more than 1 million - perhaps as many as 1. They were systematically targeted as victims in the Nazi calculated program of genocide. Liberation from Nazi tyranny brought no end to the sufferings of the Jewish children who survived - many would have to face the future without any living family members or without knowledge of their Jewish identity. But the Hitlerian beast is quite different. It would devour the dearest of us, those who arouse the greatest compassion—our innocent children. Hitler made the decision in to carry out the systematic mass murder of Jews. Mobile killing squads followed the German army into the Soviet Union in June , and by the end of the year, murdered almost 1 million Jewish men, women, and children.