George Rogers Clark: Boy of the Northwest Frontier by Katharine Elliot WilkieThis biography details the childhood adventures of George Rogers Clark, the older brother of William Clark of the famous Lewis and Clark expedition. George was a courageous explorer and Revolutionary War hero whose bravery and leadership helped win the Battle of Vincennes, saving what would become Ohio, Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, and Wisconsin from British occupation. George’s boyhood curiosity and zest for exploration are described, including his adventures while camping, riding horses, and playing with his childhood friend Thomas Jefferson. Young explorers follow George into the woods, where he rescues a baby raccoon, outwits a hapless thief, saves a money bag, and hunts his first deer. Special features include a summary of Clarks adult accomplishments, fun facts detailing little-known tidbits of information about Clark, and a timeline.
Trained by his grandfather, Clark engaged in surveying along the Ohio River in the mids. He became interested in the Kentucky country around Harrodsburg and opposed those who sought to establish an independent colony of Transylvania there. At the outbreak of the Revolution, Clark persuaded the Virginia government to make Kentucky a separate county and to authorize him to enlist troops for its defense against the British and Indians along the frontier. In May Clark, with an expedition of about men, took two Mississippi River settlements—Kaskaskia and Cahokia , both in present-day Illinois. When reinforcements promised from Virginia failed to arrive, Clark withdrew to Fort Nelson now Louisville on the Ohio River and made that his base for the rest of the war. In he helped defeat a British expedition sent against the Spanish settlement at St.
George Rogers Clark achieved great military success during the Revolutionary War, but his life fell apart after the war ended. Learn more on.
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George Rogers Clark
The Clarks always seemed to have an interest in the frontier. Most of Kentucky was not inhabited by Indians, although several tribes used the area for hunting.
However, that was not totally true. The early years. In , Clark made his first surveying trip on behalf of the Ohio Company, into what would become Kentucky. He was one of thousands of settlers, including one Daniel Boone , that entered the area as a result of the Treaty of Fort Stanwix. Natives living in the area, mostly the Shawnee and Ottawa tribes, had not been a part of that treaty. That document had ceded their Kentucky hunting grounds, resulting in violence that eventually culminated in Lord Dunmore's War along the Ohio River, not far from present-day Wheeling, West Virginia. Clark was on the periphery of that conflict.
American Revolutionary War. He served as leader of the militia in Kentucky then part of Virginia throughout much of the war. He is best known for his celebrated captures of Kaskaskia and Vincennes during the Illinois Campaign , which greatly weakened British influence in the Northwest Territory. Clark's major military achievements occurred before his thirtieth birthday. Afterward, he led militia in the opening engagements of the Northwest Indian War , but was accused of being drunk on duty. He was disgraced and forced to resign, despite his demand for a formal investigation into the accusations.
During the Revolutionary War, he became the "Conqueror of the Old Northwest," capturing territory that expanded America's frontier. After the war, Clark was left penniless due to debts he had incurred in order to support his troops. He was 65 when he died on February 13, , outside of Louisville, Kentucky. Clark had four sisters and five brothers his youngest brother, William Clark, would go on to co-lead the Lewis and Clark expedition. By the s, some intrepid colonists had gone into the territory of Kentucky to claim new land; Clark used the surveying skills he had learned from his grandfather to join them.